I may be reading it differently than Mr. beck meant it, but to me it helps answer the question of whether it's better to emphasize support, second chances, and sparking interest, or to emphasize challenge, rigor, high standards, and natural consequences?
The answer is, it depends. It depends on where the student is in their development. (It reminds me of the question of what's better, ambition or contentment.) And it may even depend on the day, because I don't really think it's a hierarchy: It's more like a wheel, where the spokes are all of our needs as humans. Autonomy, mastery, and purpose are three of them, but there are more.
The challenge is, of course, that this requires individualized instruction. In fact, that's exactly why we need individualized instruction.